31530 H Class push-pull fitted 0-4-4T
at Westerham station in the 1960s
(Click for original hi-res picture and caption on Pixdaus)
Only a small number of British railway enthusiasts have heard of the The Westerham Valley Railway. Yet, the line very nearly became Britain’s second preserved standard gauge railway. Also interesting is that the original conditions put forward by British Railways would have required the preservationists to run a commuter service!
The line closed in 1961, in spite of a vigorous campaign by local residents to keep it open. A preservation society called the Westerham Valley Railway Society were formed shortly after closure and, in 1962, the society merged with Westerham Branch Railway Passengers’ Association, the local campaigning group. The new Westerham Valley Railway Association planned to operate, both steam hauled heritage trains, and a diesel railcar commuter service. If their proposals had succeeded then the WVR would have established a completely different precedent for British preserved lines. Instead of being tourist carrying ‘Bluebell Railways’ running from nowhere to nowhere, preserved lines could have operated a mixture of community commuter and steam hauled heritage trains linking into the main line railway network. But this was not to be, for the Ministry of Transport, and its successors the Department of Transport and Department for Transport, have carefully conspired to ensure that UK preserved lines, while offering the world’s best heritage railway experience, do not, as a rule, run public transport services.
Recently, it seemed that the concept of independent local railways, owned and operated by their local communities, had come into favour with the ministry mandarins, but behind their sham enthusiasm the concept has become considerably diluted. Instead of acquiring and operating their local railways, community rail partnerships have been guided into repainting their local stations, planting flowers and seeking better integration with local bus services
And the Westerham Valley Railway? In 1963, British Railways were told, by Kent County Council that the railway land was needed, for a new road. They were also told that if the land was not sold to the County Council then it would be seized by compulsory purchase. You can read the whole sad story here on Wikipedia. But remember to read between the lines and that as far as trunk roads and motorways are concerned County Councils act as agents for the transport ministry (under whatever name) in London.
1930s 1 inch to the mile Ordnance Survey
showing the Westerham branch line with a
Google Maps map of the area superimposed